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Agro-biodiversity Conservation

Nepal is represented as a biodiversity rich country which comprises 0.09% of global land area. Similarly, Nepal is richly endowed with numerous agricultural crops and plants which became possible by variation in climate. It is situated on the central part of the world’s top 20 hottest global biodiversity hotspots, the Himalayas. Nepal’s biodiversity, thus, becomes a globally significant and locally important as biodiversity is the important source of livelihoods and income generation. The agro-biodiversity in the country is so immense that people found to have invented and adopted consuming and growing several kinds of food items to cope their daily nutrition requirement. About 21% (3.2 million hectares) of the total land area of Nepal is used for cultivation. Until recently, efforts to preserve biodiversity have focused on natural ecosystems, using tools such as protected areas despite these representing less than ten per cent of the earth’s land surface. In contrast, approximately 37 per cent of the land is currently under agricultural production. Given this land use, there is increasing recognition that many species interact with agricultural systems, even if their primary habitat is in natural areas. Moreover, large proportions of the total species in a region are likely to be found in agriculture systems. The management of these systems can, thus, dramatically affect the level of biodiversity, as well as the success of particular species. Unfortunately, farming, the major detrimental cause to biodiversity loss has not been given emphasis and we have seen the necessity and started to work in agro-biodiversity conservation.

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